Wednesday, 16 October 2019

"unable to set private key file" - more fun with openSSL and certificates

Another long story cut short, but I saw this: -

curl: (58) unable to set private key file: 'dave.pem' type PEM

from my Ansible/Python code, whilst attempting to use a PEM certificate that I'd generated myself: -

Generate Private Key

openssl genrsa -out key.pem 2048

Generate Certificate Service Request

openssl req -subj '/C=GB/O=IBM/CN=davehay' -new -key key.pem -out csr.pem

Generate Personal Certificate

openssl x509 -req -days 9999 -in csr.pem -signkey key.pem -out cert.pem

Having munged the key and certificate into a single PEM file: -

cat key.pem cert.pem > dave.pem

I found that my Python code was then validating the private key within dave.pem : - 

cert_pkey.split('-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----')

which meant that it was failing ...

Simple solution, right ?

Yeah, I edited dave.pem to remove the characters RSA from the PEM file: -

sed -i '' 's/RSA //g' dave.pem 

Problem solved, right ?

NAH!!

My code, which uses cURL under the covers, then failed with: -

curl: (58) unable to set private key file: 'dave.pem' type PEM

This blog post: -


described how one can validate the private key and its certificate: -

openssl x509 -noout -modulus -in dave.pem | openssl md5

which returns a MD5 checksum: -

0d6b9d546ff1b65284ec32096bea2904

and: -

openssl rsa -noout -modulus -in dave.pem | openssl md5

which SHOULD return a MD5 checksum, but instead returned: -

unable to load Private Key
4686818796:error:0DFFF0A8:asn1 encoding routines:CRYPTO_internal:wrong tag:/BuildRoot/Library/Caches/com.apple.xbs/Sources/libressl/libressl-47.11.1/libressl-2.8/crypto/asn1/tasn_dec.c:1144:
4686818796:error:0DFFF03A:asn1 encoding routines:CRYPTO_internal:nested asn1 error:/BuildRoot/Library/Caches/com.apple.xbs/Sources/libressl/libressl-47.11.1/libressl-2.8/crypto/asn1/tasn_dec.c:317:Type=X509_ALGOR
4686818796:error:0DFFF03A:asn1 encoding routines:CRYPTO_internal:nested asn1 error:/BuildRoot/Library/Caches/com.apple.xbs/Sources/libressl/libressl-47.11.1/libressl-2.8/crypto/asn1/tasn_dec.c:646:Field=pkeyalg, Type=PKCS8_PRIV_KEY_INFO
4686818796:error:09FFF00D:PEM routines:CRYPTO_internal:ASN1 lib:/BuildRoot/Library/Caches/com.apple.xbs/Sources/libressl/libressl-47.11.1/libressl-2.8/crypto/pem/pem_pkey.c:143:
d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e

Yeah, you guessed it, I broke my private key by removing RSA :-)

It was relatively easy to fix, it was all down to the way that I was generating my key and certificate. I switched to this: -

openssl req -subj '/C=GB/O=IBM/CN=davehay' -new -newkey rsa:2048 -days 365 -nodes -x509 -sha256 -keyout dave.key -out dave.crt

and, after munging the key and certificate: -

cat dave.key dave.crt > dave.pem

I ended up with a PEM file that I did NOT need to edit i.e. it contained the key (!) string: -

-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----

and, more importantly, it validated without problems: -

openssl x509 -noout -modulus -in dave.pem | openssl md5

1c03038c6be240c22d759bfef58e9db2

openssl rsa -noout -modulus -in dave.pem | openssl md5

1c03038c6be240c22d759bfef58e9db2

and, even more importantly, my code works!!!

Moral of the story ? Don't manually hack your keys, instead check the way that you're generating them in the first place :-)

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